THE FILM INDUSTRY IN KENYA
Kenya has long been a popular destination for filmmakers with the readily accessible wildlife, spectacular landscapes and traditional cultures making it the perfect cinematic setting for a range of productions including the Academy Award winning Out of Africa, the real-life murder mystery White Mischief, and, more recently, To walk with the lions, the biopic of famed conservationist George Adamson.
Kenya has hosted over 80 international films: they include Out of Africa, King Solomon's Mines, Born Free, Rise and Fall of Idi Amin, Mugambo, The Wilby Conspiracy, Master of the Game, The Colour Purple (second unit), Kitchen Toto, Cry Freedom (second unit), White Mischief, The Life of Hemmingway, Besieged, Forbidden Territory, Constant Gardener, White Maasai, Congo (second unit), I Dreamed of Africa (second unit) and To Walk With Lions.
KENYA'S SCENIC LOCATIONS
Kenya is a country of breath-taking and magical beauty. There is superlative scenery and romantic views ranging from the palm fringed white sand beaches at the coast, the coral reefs, the mangrove swamps along the river delta and then the Tsavo, a pure wilderness incorporating the savannah, ranges and hills, stark lava flows, conical volcanoes, precious stones, acacia and montane forest and the fascinating Lugard falls where white water rages through a series of spectacular rock formations.
The Tsavo also has the volcanic Mzima springs, which produce 50 million gallons of fresh sparkling water daily. There is even an underwater observatory that gives an incredible view of the crystal clear under-water world brimming with hippos. All through the Shimba hills and the Chyulu hills to the Amboseli, it is all a feast for the eyes. The wide dry plains of the Amboseli, where horizons stretch to be one with the sky, offer a real beautiful view of the Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest peak, especially seen in the early dawn as the elephants cross the plains and the mountain is a dark hue of purple and its snow an ethereal pink.
The doulm palms silhouetted against the deep red sunsets as leopards emerge to hunt in the Samburu... The arid north where the Ewaso Nyiro, a picturesque life-giving artery flows through spectacular country set against a backdrop of the mighty mountain of Olokwe… the riverine forest offering a stark contrast to the arid northern studded plains… This hot, sparsely populated vast, trackless expanse of desert and semidesert wilderness is a place of harsh and stunning beauty. From Maralal, the frontier town to the North, through Marsabit, a beautiful oasis of green set above the desert floor, emerges the stunning cliffs, ranges and thorn scrub where the nomadic tribes traverse with their camel trains on pre-determined routes as old as time itself.
Kenya straddles the center of the Great Rift Valley, that vast prehistoric fissure that stretches from Jordan to Mozambique. It is lined with a series of fresh water and soda based volcanic lakes. These include the Papyrus fringed Lake Naivasha, a bird watchers paradise; the pink carpet of Lake Nakuru; the steam geysers of Bogoria, described as the most beautiful view in Africa; Lake Baringo a haven of peace and beauty with its crocodiles and hippos; Lake Turkana, the longest lake in Africa with its many crocodiles and prehistoric fossil and Lake Magadi with its salt flats and volcanic springs.
The great range of forests from the coastal, through the central high montane to the thick, wet rainforest of the west offer the
filmmaker a wide range of options. These include the Kakamega thick equatorial jungle in Western Kenya, the Aberdares salient forests and moorlands in central Kenya, the Arabuko Sokoke at the Coast and the Mt. Kenya forests in the shadow of Kenya's highest peak with its glaciers, caves and moorlands.
The western green highlands have excellent viewpoints and so is the Mt. Elgon on the Ugandan border, a spectacular, craggy mountain. The Loroghi hills offer a remarkable view from "the world's end" while the Shimba hills allow you a view all the way to the Indian Ocean.
The dormant Longonot crater and the Taita Hills also offer wonderful views of the surrounding areas. Kenya speaks of a country generously endowed by God.
Kenya's primary filming attractions are nature based which include wildlife, beaches at the coast, the physical landscape and the cultures, which offer, immense opportunities for a filmmaker seeking the perfect filming location.
BEST REGIONS FOR FILMING
A.THE MID RIFT
The Great Rift Valley: which stretches from Jordan to Mozambique has stunning views from anywhere. It is the main geological feature in Kenya, ranging from Ethiopia, through Lake Turkana, the Cherangani hills, to beyond the plains of Masai Mara, Tanzania. Is 50 km wide and 300m deep. Inside there are a number of freshwater lakes and fresh water. These are:
Lake Naivasha: A freshwater lake, with many species of fish, birds and plants. On the island there Crescent herds of zebras and hippos.
Lake Baringo: A large freshwater lake north of Marigat water. It is famous for its fish. There are many species of plants and birds seen in the region. The flamingos who visit seasonally.
Lake Bogoria: Superficial soda lake Nakuru in northern inhabited by flamingos and other wildlife. With numerous hot springs and geysers. Surrounded by gray scrub.
Lake Elementaita: Superficial soda lake near Lake Nakuru. Frequented by flamingos nearby lake.
Crucial cities for filming activities:
Nakuru: Transportation Center and major industrial town in the Rift Valley. Herds of animals are grazing on the vast plains, Flamingos turn pink lakes. A few minutes’ drive from Nakuru are dormant volcanoes of Longonot and Suswa and Menengai crater, is a quaint appeal. The city has Reserve Lake Nakuru famous for its black and white rhino, Rothschild Giraffe and the large great white pelicans.
Eldoret: Fourth-largest city. It has grown rapidly in recent years and has the third international airport in the country. It is an important transit town, with a good climate and beautiful scenery.
Kericho: Beautiful clean city in the western highlands of the Rift Valley. Dominated by agriculture area, the city itself is surrounded by tea plantations.
Naivasha: Medium city located 100 km northwest of Nairobi. The city has numerous relaxation centers on the shores of Lake Naivasha, Hell's Gate National Park, Longonot crater and Mount Eburru and forests are easily accessible from here. Hell's Gate National Park: Tomb Raider II: Cradle of Life has its action sequences shot in the Hell's Gate National Park and the Amboseli.
B. CENTRAL HIGHLAND
Central Kenya is the center part of the highlands of Kenya which the British Colony had reffered to as Sierra Blanca. The Highlands begin at 1.300m above the sea and is a forest reserve that is easily the richest area of rainforest animals in the world; the best view is on the famous Tops Lodge, where the animals gather for protection from the equatorial sun. There is the biggest snowy Mount Kenya 17,054 feet, with its glaciers and picturesque rugged peaks. Mount Kenya is the source of many rivers and streams of ice water. The volcanic peaks dominate the surrounding slopes, valleys and streams. Mountain elephants, black rhino, buffalo, antelope and giant forest hog roam the hills.
C. THE MOUNTAINS OF ABERDARES
The Aberdares have the 2nd and 3rd highest peaks in Kenya, with the most extraordinary scenic waterfalls and flora. It also has one of the most beautiful forests in the world due to the huge amounts of rainfall during the rainy season also make roads difficult to access due to landslide. There are high alpine moorland and primeval forests and waterfalls are the Karuru located in the higher altitudes of Kenya. The area is occupied by the Kikuyu, the most populous tribe in the country, and Meru and Embu communities and covers areas such as:
Nyeri: Located between Mount Kenya and the Aberdares. It is a very fertile region and is the center of the Kenyan coffee industry.
Meru: Large City in the northeast of Mount Kenya. Mostly famous for Miraa (khat) a stimulant, which is legally grown in large quantities. The city also has a museum showing the local culture and history.
Chogoria: A small market town between the cities of Embu and Meru, major entry route to Mount Kenya.
Embu: Located in south eastern slopes of Mount Kenya. It is the provincial headquarters of Eastern Province.
Nanyuki: Small military town, northwest of Mount Kenya. It has one of the most beautiful views of Mount Kenya. The city also has many hotels and lodges and many streams filled with trout.
Nyahururu: One of the biggest cities located 2.630m above the sea. Just outside the city are the Thompson Falls in the Ewaso Narok, 72 meter drop that feeds the dense forest below.
Naromoru: A small town west of Mount Kenya. It is also a key entry point to Mount Kenya.
Isiolo: Small town north of Meru in the arid northern region. The area has many cool areas and entertainment venues among sedentary tribes of the north, especially the Somali. It is our way to Samburu / Buffalo Springs or desert east of Lake Turkana. In central Kenya National Parks are also Ol Donyo Sabuk and Mwea.
Here are most of the Savannah grasslands and rolling plains. The region is dominated by the Tsavo, a larger than the island of Jamaica National Park. At Mzima Springs with Kilaguni there are a lot of hippos and crocodiles. There is an underwater viewing chamber where you can see aquatic life.
Voi: A city on the road from Mombasa to Nairobi is the basis to enter the beautiful Tsavo and Taita Hills. These hills have some of the most picturesque of the flora and fauna of Kenya abundant in this area. The Shimba Hills and Chyulu are also part of this chain of mountains. The cities of interest are Kitui, Machakos, Andei Mtiti, Emali and Sultan Hamoud.
Here we find the Kamba tribe, some of the most skilled wood carvers in the world and a few Maasai with their flocks and herds, are the hills of Makueni a place of heartbreaking beauty and roads, steep slopes winding us up the adrenaline level.
One has the opportunity to explore some of the most diverse species, birds, tongues of lava and rivers with the solitude and peace of the vast desert. region is mainly savanna landscape and is a transition between the forest and the arid steppe. There are mainly grassland, dominated by grasses and a variable presence of trees and shrubs, especially Acacia.
SUR in southern Kenya is the land of the Masai. Abarca Amboseli National Park, where the largest herds of elephants in África.También is where you have the most beautiful views of Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa and especially the view at sunrise, when the mountain has a purple hue and an ethereal pink snow, with herds of elephant crossing the plains. The view is out of this world.
The Maasai are a very independent people who maintain the tradition and ritual as an integral part of their lifestyle. They are considered part of the land, as wildlife and vegetation, and by nature are not hunters, but depend on their livestock for their livelihoods. To the west lies the world famous Maasai Mara, where every year the largest migration of wildebeest occurs, more than 4 million move to Kenya wildebeest from the Serengeti in Tanzania in search of green grass.
Magadi Lake: is in This region is a source of sodium carbonate. This region is also Olorgesaille National Monument, a prehistoric camp and have recently found remains of manufacturing human tools. 's major cities are Narok and Oloitoktok, a Maasai village on the border of Tanzania in the shadow of Kilimanjaro, where the Manyatta and shukas Red Maasai are a way of life.
E. WESTERN KENYA
Here is the tropical forest of Kakamega and Mt Elgon, Lake Victoria Basin and the arid and semiarid regions Nasalot, Saiwa Marsh, the south Turkana Kamnarok and Kerio Valley.
The Kakamega forest is a small patch of virgin forest in western Kenya. It has dense vegetation and endemic giant trees are spectacular and unique of its kind in Kenya. There are many different species of birds and monkeys. Mount Elgon on the border between Kenya and Uganda, is an extinct volcano, with its highest peak, Wagagai (4.321m) on the Ugandan side. There are spectacular salt caves on the slopes where we probably see the elephants go to get their daily salt. The region has an amazing flora, there are a number of lakes, and hot springs Suam. Usually the weather is quite cold and rainy.
Saiwa Marsh with its national park is a beautiful place, with a prolific bird life and the Ndere Island. Kerio Valley is a place of breathtaking views and is part of the Rift Valley and so are the Cherangani hills and Lake Bogoria with its geysers of steam.
Other interesting places in the region are Ruma National Park, with its volcano Homabay Mount Homa, Kendu Bay, the Rusinga and Mfangano islands, Simbi Nyaima, Thimlich Oninga and Crying Stone near Kakamega.
A whole mix of cultures here, the Luo, Kisii, Turkana, Kalenjin, Pokot and Luhya are regional with typical upland vegetation especially on the slopes of Mount Elgon, where areas of tropical rainforest in the world. The climate varies according to altitude, which is about 1,200 m, and the winds off the lake.
Kakamega: Small town in the west about 65 km north of Kisumu. It is the base for excursions to the Kakamega Forest Reserve.
Kisumu: A pleasant town on the shores of Lake Victoria, freshwater lake the second largest in the world and the largest in Africa with 70,000 km2. It is an area of intensive agriculture green valleys and hills and thick forests casual. It's hot and humid here and the pace is as slow as that of Mombasa. It has a wide range of accommodation to suit any budget and has a huge market located near the bus stop where soapstone sculptures are sold. The lake is an important part of the lives of Kenyans who live around you, the famous Luo fishermen. The Hippo Point is an exceptional vantage point to watch the sun sink into the lake, as well as the Wade hippos in the water nearby.
Kitale: Pueblo north of Kakamega in the Western Highlands. Normally used as a base to travel to Mount Elgon in western and Lodwar in the North. Has agriculture.
Webuye: Small town in northern Kakamega. It is an area of artificial woods used for papermaking in factories.
F: NORTE (Nyika)
A vast and sparsely populated desert in northern Kenya. The dry scrub and rocky desert is home to some of the most interesting cultures, tribes. Samburu, Turkana, Marakwet, Pokot and E-lmolo These people have had very little contact and influence with the western and very little contact with tourists, unlike the Masai. They live livestock and fisheries. The waters of the Ewaso Nyiro are conducted through Samburu, Shaba and Bufallo Springs and Marsabit, creating a spectacular country full of possibilities. 's landscape consists of mountains and hills that lie beneath the barren land where survival is for the fit. The Buffalo Springs game reserves (128 km2), Samburu (165 km2) and Shaba (280 km2) form a ecosistema.Estan about 320 km north of Nairobi. 's course Nyiro Uaso from the Aberdares, descending drylands , arid, which is the lifeline of the earth, finally ending in the Lorian Swamp.
The Kenyan Samburu are probably more elegantly dressed, with their red shukas, lance in hand, hard muscles. Also part of this region Sibiloi, Lesai, Marsabit and Chalbi desert, with its nomadic Borana. region has the harsher climate and this is reflected in the arid landscape. Rainfall is scarce, with annual levels of around 350mm. Temperatures are high throughout the year, reaching 37 ° C during the day in the hottest months. The night temperatures do not fall below 21 ° C.
G. EASTERN KENYA
This is the least visited area is a remote area, but it is opening slowly. This means that this place has great potential to discover within this zone is the Meru National Park, a lush green paradise with streams flowing from the Tana.
The thick forests, tall grass, Doum palms surrounding hills and kopjes creating rigid isolated uncharted desert. This is the wild field where the famous lioness Elsa in "Born Free" was returned in 1950 by George and Joy Adamson.
Lorian Swamp, Bisinadi, Rahole, Kora and national Kitui reserves are easily accessible from this area. Vegetation consists mainly of thorny shrubs and acacias, but there is a more diverse and abundant vegetation in the valleys of the rivers in Ewaso Nyiro and especially the Tana and its tributaries. Temperatures are high, around 32 degrees in the hottest months. There are many rocky hills come alive with a variety of vegetation, especially after rains. Much of this territory of Kenya consists of desert steppes or semi.
It has become one of the most beautiful international cities. 's the capital of the highlands of the cosmopolitan, famous Kenya for its National Park just 10 minutes from the city center and is the only city in the world that hosts a national park. There are many cultural centers, hotels of all categories, lively markets, malls, museums, parks snakes, sanctuaries and wildlife parks, stadiums and golf courses. Has a population of over 2 million people and is a modern shopping center with interesting high-rise buildings and lots of hustle, theaters and cinemas showing the latest films, expensive restaurants and all kinds of modern technology. Places of interest are the City Market, the National Arboretum Museum with the most amazing collection of the flora of East Africa, Kenya Railway Museum, the National Archives, casinos, horse racing on Sunday afternoon The International Conference Centre, ostrich farms and the Karen Blixen Museum. Their high altitude, warm climate and fertile soil promotes the growth of tropical and temperate plants around the area. Jacaranda trees shade the city streets and bougainvillea illuminate avenues. In Nairobi temperatures are around 26-27 ° C (70 ° F average) and 23 º C in the months of winter.
I. COASTAL REGION
The Kenyan coast is a place with a long and exotic history and differentiating at first glance from the rest of Kenya, with its distinctive Swahili culture derived from the Arabic influence on the coast. In the fourteenth century, intermarriage between Arabs, who traded spices and slaves, with local Bantu tribes gave rise to the Swahili people and the Swahili language as a language for trade.
A coast of tropical beaches with long stretches of sand, coral reefs and sheltered waters perfect for swimming, boating and water sports. Waterfront full mangrove forests are found along the river deltas. Of interest are the Mijikenda and Swahili cultures and numerous monuments and historical sites that are impregnated with the occupation by the Portuguese in the sixteenth century. The island of Mombasa Mombasa is the second largest city in the country
The city is warm and moist and has a relaxed atmosphere, with locals dressed in traditional costumes moving as slowly as possible in the scorching heat. The Arab influence is evident in the architecture, clothing and food. The city has the most vibrant nightlife in the country.
Lamu: This is the oldest city in Kenya. It is located on the island of Lamu to 265 km north of Mombasa. 95% of the inhabitants are Muslim and are likely to hear Arabic / Kiswahili. XII century, Lamu is the only stronghold left alive of Swahili in East Africa. There is a museum.
Malindi: City 100 km north of Mombasa on the coast coralinea, with plenty of protected coral reefs and beaches. There is a book with protected beaches and colorful fish.
Kilifi: This is the first town north of Mombasa, Malindi halfway. It has beautiful beaches and well preserved overlooking Kilifi Creek Mnarani its ruins are a point of interest.
Watamu: 20km south of Malindi is Watamu National Reserve. It has the best diving on the East Coast. South of Mombasa: There are several white sand beaches, for example, Shelly Beach, Tiwi Beach, Diani Beach and, among others.
Shimoni and Wasini Island: Shimoni is 80km south of Mombasa, near the border with Tanzania. The National Marine Park is out Kisite Wasini Island off Shimoni Peninsula. This is an area of pristine beauty, unexplored. Other attractions are the caves of Shimoni, Shimba Hills National Reserve in south Mombasa and Arabuko Sokoke Forest north of Mombasa. The coast is simply irresistible, you must know this area. Coral reefs full of fish are a kaleidoscope of colors and like the Indian Ocean waters, blue as the sky, the scent of spices in the air, the freshest seafood, a deep history and rich culture. fully .. exotic. Arab and Portuguese forts, old towns, deserted ruins of Swahili, the southern beaches, the small coastal town of Kwale, the bustling docks of Mombasa, the ghostly ruins of Gedi, the tropical island of Lamu, where life is lived to its own pace, everything is a perfect mix. Average annual temperatures are 28 º c. The region is hot and humid. Storms are frequent. Mangroves and coconut trees grow along the banks and there are areas of tropical rainforest.